Conditions of the Cervical Spine
Cervical Disc Protrusion
Cervical disc protrusion, commonly known as disc bulge occurs when the spinal discs and associated ligaments are intact, but may form an outpouching that will press on the spinal nerves. This condition causes pain in the neck, shoulder and the arms. Usually, the symptoms include a dull, aching, or sharp pain in the neck or the shoulder blades.
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Cervical radiculopathy, commonly known as “pinched” nerve is caused by injury to the root of a spinal nerve. It is characterized by neck pain that radiates to the shoulder and the arms. As we grow older, the spinal discs bulge and lose height. The vertebrae come closer and the disc collapses forming bone spurs inorder to stiffen the spine.
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Conditions of the Thoracic Spine
Scoliosis is a condition where the spine or back bone is curved sideways instead of appearing in a straight line. The most common type of scoliosis is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis which occurs after age 10 and is seen more frequently in girls than boys.
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Back pain is one of the most commonly reported medical problems in society as well as the leading cause of job related disability. It is estimated to affect 8 out of 10 people at some point in their lives. Back pain can occur slowly over time due to changes as we age, or can occur suddenly from injury. Back pain can be acute (short term) lasting a few days to a few weeks, or chronic (long term) persisting for more than 3 months. It is important to understand that most back pain will resolve itself within a few weeks.
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The spine has naturally occurring curves that position the head over the pelvis and function as shock absorbers with movement. When these curves are exaggerated or pronounced problems can occur such as back pain, breathing difficulties, and fatigue. To understand Spine Deformities it is helpful to first learn about normal spine anatomy.
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Conditions of the Lumbar Spine
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar spinal stenosis is one of the common causes of low back pain. It is caused by the narrowing of the spinal canal which occurs as a part of aging process. The symptoms include back pain, burning or aching type of pain in buttocks that radiates to the legs (sciatica), weakness in the legs or “foot drop”. Lumbar spinal stenosis may be treated with conservative treatment approaches such as use of pain medications, physical therapy, steroid injections, or acupuncture. In chronic cases, surgery may be required to treat the condition.
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The spine, also called the back bone, is designed to give us stability, smooth movement, as well as providing a corridor of protection for the delicate spinal cord. It is made up of bony segments called vertebrae and fibrous tissue called intervertebral discs. The vertebrae and discs form a column from your head to your pelvis providing symmetry and support to the body.
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